MSM Academic Conference - Private Sector Development in Emerging Economies


On 1 December 2021, MSM will organize an Academic Conference, where we intend to bring together people and experiences to share knowledge on private sector development in emerging economies.

Due to changes in the Covid-19 regulations as set by the Dutch Government, the Academic Conference will be organized fully online.

It is our pleasure to invite you to Maastricht School of Management’s (MSM) Academic Conference themed “Private sector development in emerging economies, contributing to a climate smart and inclusive society”.

We have received a large number of papers on the five research themes:

  • Triple helix constructs for local development and industrial development
  • Value chain development for countries in transition
  • Climate smart agriculture & water efficiency and ecosystem development
  • Inclusive development (focus on gender and youth)
  • Enabling impact and sustainable finance

During parallel sessions the author(s) will present their paper virtually. Dr. Kwan S. Kim, Emeritus Professor of Economics at Kellogg Institute for International Studies, Prof. Ha-Joon Chang, Professor of Political Economy of Development at Cambridge University, and Prof. Henry Etzkowitz, President & Co-Founder of the International Triple Helix Institute will contribute to our plenary sessions.

The conference will be organized in a fully online set-up, so you can join the conference sessions online.

Registration is closed. 

In case of questions please contact

For more detailed information about the Academic Conference click here to download the conference booklet.

Conference keynote speakers

Dr. Kwan S. Kim, Emeritus Professor at Kellogg Institute for International Studies

Kwan S. Kim is professor emeritus of economics and fellow of the Kellogg International Studies Institute and Liu Institute for Asian Studies at the University of Notre Dame, USA. His teaching and research experiences span both development economics and global political economy. His areas of specialization for teaching at both the undergraduate and graduate levels included economic development (with area focus on East Asia, Africa, and Latin America); micro- and macroeconomics; international trade and finance; income distribution and poverty; economic growth, political economy of development; econometrics; and statistical analyses. He has served as an economic consultant for governments of developing countries and for international agencies and has been a visiting scholar at academic and research institutions outside his home institution. 

Professor Ha-Joon Chang, Economist & Author  

Ha-Joon Chang teaches economics at the University of Cambridge. In addition to numerous journal articles and book chapters, he has published 16 authored books (five co-authored) and 11 edited books. His main books include The Political Economy of Industrial Policy, Kicking Away the Ladder, Bad Samaritans, 23 Things They Don’t Tell You About Capitalism, and Economics: The User’s Guide. His writings have been translated and published in 42 languages and 44 countries. Worldwide, his books have sold over 2 million copies. He is the winner of the 2003 Gunnar Myrdal Prize and the 2005 Wassily Leontief Prize. 

Prof. Henry Etzkowitz, President & Co-Founder of the International Triple Helix Institute 

Professor Henry Etzkowitz is a scholar of international reputation in innovation studies as the originator of the “Entrepreneurial University” and “Triple Helix” concepts that link universities with industry and government at national and regional levels. He is founding President of the Triple Helix Association (a unique international network of several hundred scholars and practitioners of university-industry-government relations) and is the cofounder of the Triple Helix International Conference Series, which has produced a series of books, special journal issues, and policy analyses since it started in Amsterdam in 1996.
Etzkowitz is currently CEO of the Triple Helix Institute in Silicon Valley. He was a Senior Researcher at the H-STAR Institute and Lecturer in STS at Stanford University. Prior to coming to Stanford, he held the Chair in Management of Innovation, Creativity and Enterprise at Newcastle University Business School in the UK and served as Visiting Professor in the Department of Technology and Society at Stony Brook University. Etzkowitz has authored numerous articles and books, including Triple Helix: University-Industry-Government Innovation in and MIT and the Rise of Entrepreneurial Science. He also coauthored Athena Unbound: The Advancement of Women in Science and Technology and Public Venture Capital,

Conference Program

9.30 hrs.        Opening                                                             Dr. Diederik de Boer  
Associate Professor Sustainable Business Development and Director Expert Center for Emerging Economies at MSM
9.40 hrs. Keynote address: Industrial policy - best practices for Emerging Economies Prof. Ha-Joon Chang
Professor of Political Economy of Development
at Cambridge University
10.15 hrs. Q and A session
10.30 hrs. Break
10.40 hrs. Parallel sessions - Paper presentations Triple helix constructs for local and industrial development 

Climate smart agriculture & water efficiency
and ecosystem development 

Inclusive development
(focus on gender and youth) 
12.15 hrs. Lunch Break
13.15 hrs. Book presentation on the Emerging New Global Economy  Prof. Dr. Harald Sander, Professor of Economics at MSM
13.30 hrs. Keynote address: Industrial policy - the case of South Korea Dr. Kwan S. Kim, Emeritus Professor at Kellog Institute for International Studies
14.00 hrs. Q and A
14.10 hrs. Break
14.15 hrs. Parallel sessions - Paper presentations

Value chain development for countries
in transition

Climate smart agriculture & water efficiency and ecosystem development 

Enabling impact and sustainable finance 

15.45 hrs. Break
15.55 hrs. Keynote address: Triple Helix Prof. Henry Etzkowitz,   
President & Co-Founder of the International
Triple Helix Institute  
16.30 hrs. Q and A
16.40 hrs. Closing remarks Prof. Meine Pieter van Dijk  
Senior Project Consultant at MSM  

Paper presentations - session 1 - start at 10.45am

Triple helix constructs for local and industrial development Climate smart agricultare & water efficiency and ecosystem development Inclusive development (focus on gender and youth)

China’s entry in the foreign aid game 

Author(s): Dr. Tobias Broich, Dr. Kaj Thomsson 

Triple Helix Ecosystems to support innovation uptake in CSA: theory & practical testing 

Author(s): Mr. Hans Nijhoff, Prof. Meine Pieter van Dijk 

What drives competitiveness? 

Author(s): Ms. Antonella Anastasi, Dr. Diederik de Boer 

Foreign aid and state capacity in Africa 

Author(s): Dr. Tobias Broich, Prof. Dr. Szirmai, Dr. Kaj Thomsson 

Research on precision agriculture; what a business school has to contribute 

Author(s): Mr. Hans Nijhoff, Prof. Meine Pieter van Dijk 

TVET and skill training systems in India: Review, Analysis of institutional issues, learner engagement model and cases of green sector skills 

Author(s): Chandrasekar, B., Rajiv Ranjan Thakur, Daru Setyorini 

The Triple Helix in Zhejiang and Yunnan provinces 

Author(s): Dr. Lu Zhen

Climate Impacts & vulnerabilities in Egyptian agriculture & water   

Author(s): Prof. Dr. Farouk El-Aidy

The challenge of inclusive development in the private sector 

Author(s): Mr. André Dellevoet, Dr. Stephanie Jones 

Applying Triple Helix Concepts for Sectoral and Local Development – Problems, Prospects and Possibilities: The Case of the Water Sector in Sierra Leone 

Author(s): Mr. Patrick Martens, Dr. St. John Day 

Horticulture Rwanda, a technology driven chain 

Author(s): Prof. Meine Pieter van Dijk 

Operationalizing the impact assessment strategy for international development aid projects –Dutch-funded FNS and water projects

Author(s): Ms. Gigi Limpens, Dr. Diederik de Boer 

Fabrication of rubber tile from waste tires 

Author(s): J. Byiringiro, P. Muhayimana, M. Ndamukunda, D. Ingabire, P. Umukunzi

Triple Helix in the rice value chain in Kenya 

Author(s): Dr. Julius Gatune 

Universities, youth employment and entrepreneurship in Ethiopia, Indonesia and Palestine 

Author(s): Dr. Huub Mudde 

Prioritizing Context in order to Understand, Explain and Support Women’s Entrepreneurship in Developing Economies: An Agenda for Research and Practice 

Author(s): Dr. Caren Crowley, Dr. Huub Mudde, Alemfrie Derese 

Paper presentations - session 2 - start at 2.15pm

Value chain development for countries in transition Climate smart agriculture & water efficiency and ecosystem development Enabling impact and sustainble finance

Parallel value chains, promoting poultry in Rwanda 

Author(s): Prof. Meine Pieter van Dijk 

The contribution of soil nutrient management practices to smart agriculture 

Author(s): Zerssa, D-G Kim, P. Koal, B. Eichier-Lobermann

Impact and sustainability of regional transport infrastructure development in Africa: Policies and investment opportunities 

Author(s): Robert Tama Lisinge 

A government supported value chain: developing dairy in Rwanda 

Author(s): Prof. Meine Pieter van Dijk 

The coffee bean intercropping system in Rwanda 

Author(s): Harelimana, A., T.D. Rukazumbuga, G. Le Goff, T. Hance

Tracking Investment into a Low-carbon, Resilient Economy: A case of Kenya’s Landscape of Climate Finance 

Author(s): Edward M. Mungai, S. Wagura Ndiritu, Izael Da Silva 

Made in Ghana, the chocolate value chain  

Author(s): Dr. Jeroen van Wijk, George Boateng, Dr. Diederik de Boer 

Economic study of citrus in the valley and the Delta in Egypt 

Author(s): Prof. Aida Allam 

Can remittances be used to improve funding and to supply finance for small enterprise development in West Africa in a sustainable way? 

Author(s): Bongwa, Van Dijk and Em Ekong 

A collaborative work to improve added value of cashew nut in East Nusa Tengarra, Indonesia 

Author(s): Nampa, Adar, Bano, Widinugraheni, Labo, Bili 

Water efficiency, CSA & ecosystem 

Author(s): Dr. Gualbert Oude Essink 

Inclusive finance by using electronic platforms: some African and Asian examples of platform banks trying to reach the poor 

Author(s): Prof. Meine Pieter van Dijk, Lukas Wellen 

Impact of local e-grocery on food value chains, Rwanda 

Author(s): Mr. Bram Dijkman, Dr. Jeroen van Wijk, Prof. Dr. Ir. Bart Vos 

Precolonial centralization and state capacity in Africa 

Author(s): Dr. Tobias Broich, Szirmai, Dr. Kaj Thomsson 

Theme clarification

Triple helix constructs for local development
Economic development is driven by innovations and their commercialization into goods and services. This requires, research and development systems to create innovations, a vibrant industry to commercialize innovation and a well-functioning government to facilitate.  The deliberate and purposeful bringing the three spheres together so that they can act in the concept known as the Triple Helix Partnership (THP) approach. Central to the Triple Helix Model (THM) is the blurring of boundaries between government-industry-research/knowledge institutions with each actor assuming some roles of “the other”. The key is to clearly understand how the element in the triple helix link formally and informally to support the innovation system and then seek to design policies that will strengthen the links that are valuable to the relationship (Smith and Bagci-Sen 2010). Though the Triple Helix (TH) model can be applied at the national level, perhaps this model is most apt at local development level. Innovation occurs in an institutional, political and social context. Innovation occurs more easily when geographical concentration and proximity are present, and therefore a regional cluster takes a crucial dimension in such processes. The ultimate objective of a regional economic development policy is really to create a “Commons”. The “Commons” include the shared resources that companies and communities rely on in order to be productive. Every successful company and every region begins with certain foundations—an educated populace, pools of skilled labor, vibrant networks of suppliers, strong infrastructure, basic research that can be commercialized (Fulkner et. al.  2017). The “Commons” is crucial for shared prosperity that is at the heart of a successful economic development strategy. The commons forms the basis for emergence of clusters, the engines of local economic development through upskilling and creation of industries. Clusters enhance firms’ competitiveness through agglomeration economies. This is due to presence of high skills, specialized suppliers and service provides, improved market access and circulation of information.

This theme will explore approaches to establishing strong triple helix partnership drawing from best practices and also field experiences.

Value chain development for countries in transition
Value chains are networks of companies that are crucial for economic development. In close cooperation with governmental and non-governmental public organizations, value chains serve as the economic vehicles that develop goods and services, and that bring them to domestic markets, to foreign markets in the region, or to distant foreign markets. The massive attention for value chain development that we have witnessed in the past decade on the side of international development organizations is to be explained by the many opportunities value chains offer, such as business development, knowledge transfer, foreign direct investment, job creation, and export. However, the extent to which value chains positively contribute to domestic development goals depends on the conditions under which domestic industry and farm sectors participate in value chains. Among the many factors that play a role here, three stand out:

First, it is a priority for any emerging economy to enhance local value addition, particular in global value chains. Traditionally, mineral and agricultural commodities are exported in unprocessed or semi-processed form to foreign markets. In specialized global value chains, emerging economies typically take care of the manufacturing or assembling stages. In both chain types, the value addition is limited. What could governments do to help the local industry expand their value addition by moving into either the design or the marketing stages of the chain?

Second, a major issue in agri-food value chains in emerging economies is the fragmentation of the chain. Due to the multiple middlemen, the low level of organization among primary producers, and the supply-drivenness of the chain, the level of coordination within the value chain is low. This situation hinders the development of efficient and more competitive domestic food supply. The emergence of a local lead firm that can ‘govern’ the value chain is often seen as a remedy and also as a condition for upgrading at various levels in the value chain. What is the nature of these local lead firms? When do they help food supply and retail become more competitive? When not? What is the role of the newly emerging e-commerce grocery platforms in this context

Third, to meet the 12th Sustainable Development Goal of responsible consumption and production, economic growth needs to be sustainable, and based on a low carbon and climate resilient development. This requires value chains to contribute to a circular economy, which promotes the elimination of waste and the continual safe use of natural resources. What opportunities does the circularity of value chains hold for businesses in emerging economies?

Climate smart agriculture & water efficiency and ecosystem development
During a successful internal seminar at MSM in March 2021, we identified the roles of a business school in the field of Climate Smart Agriculture & Water Efficiency (CSA&W). Proceedings of this workshop are available on MSM’s website. We concluded that for MSM, one important role to play is to help build local ecosystems that support farmers in adopting and managing CSA innovations. These ecosystems can consist of a series of different (existing) partnerships and should preferably driven by the Triple Helix platform approach. Based on our expertise and track record, we are now particularly interested in how management of CSA-focused ecosystems can contribute to private sector development in rural areas. We wish to further extent our knowledge in the area of the governance structures and business models that can realize this. We feel that a business school is in the best position to support ecosystem development, through:

  • Evaluating and strengthening agribusiness partnerships
  • Stimulating Triple Helix constructions
  • Facilitating CSA ecosystem development & management
  • Evaluating agricultural innovations
  • Calculating cost-benefit ratios of agricultural innovations
  • Developing agribusiness entrepreneurship
  • Supporting TVET colleges and universities in playing a role in ecosystem coordination.

Inclusive Development
Working towards ’the inclusive organization’ requires proactiveness because inclusiveness is about making sure that no groups or individuals are excluded. This applies to participation and representation in (public) services, businesses, trainings, social activities and society in general. People that are or may feel excluded are often from historically disadvantaged groups and/or minorities, for example youth, women, certain ethnic groups, or people with mental health problems. Sometimes, concrete barriers prevent such groups from being part of any form of organization (including labor processes or even family life). An example is that survivors (men, women, boys and girls) of sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) do not get adequate help in dealing with their trauma to improve their psychosocial wellbeing. Help may not be available, too expensive, or rejected, and survivors of SGBV are often stigmatized - even by health care providers. Challenging attitudes and perceptions of people through gender transformative training benefits inclusive organization. Another important topic relates to Youth Unemployment. A growing number of youths is seeking for employment. Economic development plans to provide answers to this growing number of unemployed youths which has its impact on organizations. An important question relates to how organizations can absorb as many youth as possible on the one hand and on the other also further industrialize?

Enabling impact and sustainable finance
An important enabling factor for private sector development in emerging economies is the availability of and access to capital. Increasingly, and with the support of development finance institutions across the world, the focus is no longer on just any form of foreign direct investments. Stimulating the development of business in the global South more and more requires capital that contributes to a more sustainable, just and inclusive society. Economic development that widens the gap between the have and have nots or that usurps nature for the benefit of (just a small segment of) the current generation, will not make a meaningful contribution to the Sustainable Development Goals that were adopted unanimously by all nations of the world in 2015. The UN Declaration contains a promise to all citizens of the world to leave no one behind when it comes to her or his development.